Maryland is a member of the WIDA Consortium and has adopted WIDA’s English Language Development (ELD) Standards Framework, which is a language development standards framework for K-12 academic settings.
The WIDA ELD Standards Framework is like a map in that it offers language expectations as destination points, as well as road signs to set goals for curriculum, instruction, and assessment for multilingual learners (WIDA English Language Development Standards Framework, 2020 Edition. pg.23).
The WIDA ELD Standards Framework consists of four components that are like building blocks of language development and work together to construct comprehensive language development.
These four components are:
1. Five WIDA ELD Standards Statements — shows language for thinking and doing
- Language for Social and Instructional purposes
- Language for Language Arts
- Language for Mathematics
- Language for Science
- Language for Social Studies
2. Key Language Uses — ways language is used in school
- Narrate (language to convey real or imaginary experiences)
- Inform (language to provide factual information)
- Explain (language to give an account for how things work or why things happen)
- Argue (language to justify claims using evidence and reasoning)
3. Language Expectations — language associated with specific content areas
- Communication modes
- The interpretive communication mode encompasses listening, reading, and viewing
- The expressive communication mode encompasses speaking, writing, and representing
- Language expectations
- Language functions (common patterns of language use)
- Language Features ( types of sentences, clauses, phrases, and words)
4. Proficiency Level Descriptors – describes a continuum of language development
WIDA's English Language Development (ELD) Standards Framework measures the progression of a student's ELD in interpretive and expressive language by using five proficiency levels — entering, emerging, developing, expanding and bridging.